Libertadores: A collection of eight films about the heroes of latin american independence
EL CURA HIDALGO - Hidalgo (Mexico)

EL CURA HIDALGO (1753-1811)

Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was born of Spanish parents in Guanajuato, Mexico, in 1753.

He graduated in philosophy and theology and, in 1778, he was ordained as a priest.

As a cultivated man who had a profound understanding of the ideas of the Enlightenment, he sought to put these ideas practice among his parishioners, the majority of whom were members of the indigenous population, in an attempt to improve their living conditions. In exchange they gave him their unconditional support. Hidalgo sought to abolish slavery, remove the tributes that the indigenous peoples had to pay to the Crown and reinstate their lands, which had been taken over by the large estates, the haciendas.

The 16th September 1810 marked the formal beginning of the Mexican War of Independence, which Hidalgo encouraged alongside Ignacio Allende.
Betrayed by Ignacio Elizondo (a former soldier under the Viceroyalty and, later on, a militant in the revolutionary forces), Higaldo was captured in May 1811, judged at a court martial and sentenced to death.
Miguel Hidalgo was executed by firing-squad on 31st July 1811. His head, alongside that of Allende and other rebels, was placed on show as a warning at the Corn Exchange of Granaditas in Guanajuato.
In 1821, Mexico achieved its independence from Spain.

Following the establishment of the Mexican Republic in 1824, Hidalgo was recognised as the first rebel and Father of the Nation. The 16th September, the day on which his rebellion was proclaimed, is when Mexico's Day of Independence is celebrated. His remains rest under the Column of Independence in Mexico City.

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